Akrotiri of Thera – Santorini
Akrotiri is an ancient Minoan settlement on the island of Santorini, Greece. The site, located on the southern coast of the island, is considered one of the most important archaeological sites in the Aegean and is often referred to as the “Pompeii of the Aegean”.
Akrotiri was discovered in the 1960s and excavations have revealed a well-preserved town with a sophisticated drainage system, houses with indoor plumbing, frescoes and intricate pottery. The settlement is believed to have been a wealthy town and an important center of trade, due to its strategic location near the center of the Aegean Sea.
The town was destroyed by the massive volcanic eruption on Santorini in the 16th century BC, which caused a massive tsunami and buried the town under layers of ash and pumice. The volcanic deposits have preserved the buildings and artifacts, providing an unparalleled glimpse into the everyday life of the ancient Minoans.
One of the most impressive features of Akrotiri is the intricate system of roads and buildings, which suggests a highly organized and sophisticated society. The buildings, many of which are two or three stories tall, were constructed of stone and had thatched roofs. Many of the houses were decorated with frescoes depicting scenes from nature and everyday life, providing insight into the cultural and artistic achievements of the ancient Minoans.
Visitors to Akrotiri can explore the site and view the well-preserved buildings and frescoes, including the famous “Ladies in Blue” fresco, which depicts women in long, flowing blue dresses. There is also a museum on site that houses some of the artifacts and provides information about the history and culture of the Minoans.